This analysis focuses on the main points to consider and provides a few examples of how this charge will apply.
The LA creates a ceiling on the benefits value that can be built up by members of registered pension schemes whilst continuing to benefit from tax relief. If the benefits value when they are taken exceeds the LA the difference between the two is subject to the LAC. The LAC can be applied in either of two ways or a combination of both depending on how the excess benefits value above the LA is taken. The charge is:
Members who decide to take their benefits in stages (more commonly referred to as phased retirement) will use up a proportion of the LA in force each time benefits are taken. When somebody takes any of their benefits this is known as a 'benefit crystallisation event'. Anyone taking their benefits either in full or in stages will have one or more benefit crystallisation event. Let's have a look at a few examples of how the LAC works in practice:
Joe reached his normal retirement date on the 6 April 2018 and had a benefits value of £2.5 million. He had no LA protection; a tax-free lump sum (TFC) entitlement of 25% and he wanted to take his the income element by drawdown and the excess benefits over the LA as cash. The tax charge would have been as follows:
*TFC is the lesser of:
In this example Joe received a total lump sum of £914,000 with his remaining benefits value of £791,250 being used to purchase an income. A LAC of £794,750 was paid.
Frank reached his normal retirement date on the 6 April 2018 and had a benefits value of £2 million. He had no LA protection; a tax-free lump sum (TFC) entitlement of 25% and he wanted to take his the income element by drawdown and the excess benefits over the LA as income. The tax charge would have been as follows:
*TFC is the lesser of:
In this example Frank received a total lump sum of £263,750 with his remaining benefits value of £1.5 million being used to purchase an income. A LAC of £236,250 was paid.
If you need them we have more complicated LAC case studies which you may find helpful.
The information provided is based on our current understanding of the relevant legislation and regulations and may be subject to alteration as a result of changes in legislation or practice. Also it may not reflect the options available under a specific product which may not be as wide as legislations and regulations allow.
All references to taxation are based on our understanding of current taxation law and practice and may be affected by future changes in legislation and the individual circumstances of the investor.