Since the summer Budget on 8 July 2015 PIPs have been brought into line with the tax year (6 April to 5 April).
It is not possible to change a PIP.
For more information on the position prior to 8 July 2015 see our article Pension input periods and pension input amounts (Pre 8 July 2015 Rules).
The pension input amount for a defined contribution plan is the amount of contributions made during the pension input period.
For defined benefit schemes, the pension input amount is the value of benefits accrued over the pension input period.
Transfers from other plans don't count towards the pension input amount.
Note: Where a member takes benefits as a result of severe or serious ill-health, is a member of the UK armed forces who becomes entitled to benefits from the arrangement and those benefits are not taxable due to s641(1) Income Tax (Earnings and Pensions) Act 2003 or dies, no pension input amount will arise for pension input periods ending in the tax year in which any of these events happen.
Fred has 34 years of benefits accrued in a defined benefit scheme. The scheme provides a pension of 1/60 of pensionable salary for each year of pensionable service.
His pensionable salary is £36,000. In year 35 he gets a promotion and his new salary is £42,000. His pension input period ends on 5 April 2021.
Calculate the opening entitlement. This is 34/60 x £36,000 = £20,400. Add any tax-free cash that is not paid by commutation.
Multiply the opening entitlement by 16. £20,400 x 16 = £326,400.
Revalue this amount by the increase in the CPI (the consumer prices index to the September before the start of the tax year in which the pension input period ends). If CPI was 2.5%, the up-rated value would be £326,400 x 1.025 = £334,560.
Calculate the closing entitlement. This is 35/60 x £42,000 = £24,500.Add any tax-free cash that is not paid by commutation.
Multiply the closing entitlement by 16. £24,500 x 16 = £392,000.
Calculate the difference between the revalued opening entitlement and the closing entitlement. This is £57,440 [£392,000 - £334,560].
In this example Fred is over the annual allowance. He will need to tell HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) that he has exceeded the annual allowance through his tax return. The excess will suffer an annual allowance charge that will effectively remove all tax relief on the excess. If he had any unused annual allowance from previous years this could be carried forward to remove or reduce the annual allowance charge.
They matter because the pension input amount is measured against the annual allowance that is in force at the end of the pension input period.
In this example Fred is over the annual allowance. If the pension input amount from all of the member's plans is greater than the annual allowance available an annual allowance charge is due. The annual allowance applies to the pension input amounts for all of a member's plans with pension input periods ending in that tax year.
For example, if the end of the pension input period was 5 April 2021 it would be tested against the 2020/21 limit of £40,000. The tax charge is at the member's marginal rate of tax and will be dealt with through the member's tax return.
The steps for calculating the annual allowance charge and how to pay the annual allowance charge can be found in HMRC's pensions tax manual.
It's possible to carry forward unused annual allowance from previous pension input periods to increase the amount of annual allowance or TAA available. You cannot use carry forward if the MPAA applies.
The PIP lasts from the day the first regular or single payment is paid to the plan and runs to the following 5 April. They then run in line with the tax year.
The information provided is based on our current understanding of the relevant legislation and regulations and may be subject to alteration as a result of changes in legislation or practice. Also it may not reflect the options available under a specific product which may not be as wide as legislations and regulations allow.
All references to taxation are based on our understanding of current taxation law and practice and may be affected by future changes in legislation and the individual circumstances of the investor.