3rd party contributions - Saving for future generations Pt II

How your clients can save for future generations – another case study to bring third party contributions to life.

In our last case study we looked at how third party contributions can help your clients to kick start future generation's retirement savings. In this case study we look at how this works in practice and the benefits it can offer. 

Meet Martin

Meet martin

  • Martin, age 63, is a retired senior manager with an oil company. 
  • He is widowed with one daughter, Maria, who is 35.
  • Martin receives a yearly retirement income from his defined benefit scheme of £60,000 but he only needs £35,000 a year to meet his living costs.
  • Martin has assets in excess of £1.2 million and is worried about the amount his daughter will pay in inheritance tax when he dies.

Maria has one son, Hamish who is 4. Martin wants to provide financially for his grandchild’s future but does not want him to have access to the money at a young age. He has already rejected the idea of putting a large amount of money into trust.

Providing for the future

Martin sets up a pension plan for Hamish, and contributes £2,880 each year. Once tax relief has been added, his contribution is increased to £3,600.

If Martin saves this amount every year until Hamish’s turns 18, there will be around £81,567 in Hamish's pension. This assumes investment growth of 5% excluding charges.

If no further contributions are made, when Hamish reaches age 60 he could have retirement savings of £633,089, assuming investments continue to grow at 5% excluding charges.

Martin could carry on making contributions after Hamish reaches 18 or he might think about saving into another vehicle, such as a lifetime ISA, to help with a house purchase.

Martin could use his annual exemption or the ‘normal expenditure from income’ exemption. The annual IHT saving would be 40% x £2,880 (pension contribution) = £1,152.

providing for the future

Is Martin missing a generation?

Saving for grandchildren is a great idea but Martin could also help his daughter Maria. She has an adjusted net income of £55,000. This means that she is caught in the child benefit tax trap. For the £5,000 of income she has over the £50,000 threshold, she currently only receives £2,462 (£5,000 gross income, minus £2,000 income tax, minus £538 child benefit tax charge, which comes to £2,462). Maria knows that making a pension contribution could take her out of the trap but she doesn’t have enough disposable income to do that.

However, if Martin makes a pension contribution to Maria’s plan of £4,000 per year, basic rate tax relief increases the contribution to £5,000. This is deducted from Maria’s adjusted net income and she is no longer in the trap.

This means that Maria will now receive £4,000 instead of £2,462 of the £5,000.  This is because the gross contribution of £5,000 brings her income down to £50,000, which means she avoids the child benefit tax charge and gets the full amount of child benefit. She can also claim the difference between higher rate and basic rate tax relief on the gross contribution which comes to £1,000 (20% of £5,000).  

The benefit of pensions for the whole family

From a family point of view the total tax saving made using this approach is £4,138 (IHT saving of £1,600 (40% of £4,000) child benefit tax charge saving of £538 and higher tax rate relief of £2,000) from a £4,000 cheque.

The benefit of pensions for the whole familyTotal tax saving £4,138

Pension contributions don’t need to stop when the member can no longer contribute for themselves. Clients who are still working but who have lifetime allowance or annual allowance issues may also want to consider the benefits of pensions for family members. This allows clients to pass money through the generations in a tax efficient way, without the need for trust planning.

You can read part one of our look at third party contributions here.

Note
The information provided is based on our current understanding of the relevant legislation and regulations and may be subject to alteration as a result of changes in legislation or practice. Also it may not reflect the options available under a specific product which may not be as wide as legislations and regulations allow.

All references to taxation are based on our understanding of current taxation law and practice and may be affected by future changes in legislation and the individual circumstances of the investor.

Last updated: 11 Jun 2019

This website is intended for financial advisers only and shouldn't be relied upon by any other person. If you are not an adviser please visit royallondon.com.

The Royal London Mutual Insurance Society Limited is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority. The firm is on the Financial Services Register, registration number 117672. It provides life assurance and pensions. Registered in England and Wales number 99064. Registered office: 55 Gracechurch Street, London, EC3V 0RL.