Income Tax Rates & Allowances (UK excluding Scotland)

Personal Allowances

 2019/202018/192017/18
Single person               £12,500 £11,850 £11,500
  • Since 2016/17, all individuals will be entitled to the same personal allowance, regardless of the individuals’ date of birth. 
  • From 6 April 2010, the personal allowances will reduce by £1 for every £2 of income above £100,000 until they are nil.

Income tax rates and taxable bands (UK excluding Scotland)

 2019/202018/192017/18
Basic tax rate 20% 20% 20%
Income taxed at
basic rate
£37,500 £34,500 £33,500
Income taxed at higher rate
of 40% if income more than
£37,500 plus allowance £34,500 plus allowance £33,500 plus allowance
Income taxed at additional rate
of 45% if income more than
£150,0001  £150,0001  £150,0001


Personal allowance is reduced by £1 for every £2 earned over £100,000

Assumes the individual is in receipt of the standard UK personal allowance.

Last updated: 29 Oct 2018

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